China’s independent “teapot” refiners have started re-offering West
African crudes that have already loaded as they have drastically cut their run
rates after stricter tax reporting rules were introduced in March
and ahead of a closure at a key port in China in June that will limit crude
imports, traders said this week.

“Yes, teapots [are] reselling [mainly] WAF crude, but which teapots are
buying?” a trader based in Singapore said, adding: “They’ve been flaking on
cargoes [since] the tax issue, and pulling down run rates.”

Demand from China has fallen drastically since independent refineries —
also referred to as “teapots” — are no longer allowed to crack imported crude
oil without a crude quota, which was a loophole in the previous tax reporting

As a result of the tax policy changes, crude imports by China have
fallen, led by lower demand from the teapots. This has contributed to an
overhang of crude available around Chinese ports, sources said.

ESPO and Oman crudes have been among the crudes that have been offered at
ports over the past few months, and now West African cargoes have been added
to the mix.

Although, the major Chinese refiners were also heard offering excess
crude to the local market, with one crude trader based in London saying:
“Some majors and trading company still have plenty of barrels unsold heading
to China.”


Weaker demand from China has particularly weighed on heavy Angolan
grades, which have been slow to clear during this trading cycle, sources said,
with one trader saying that only 50% of the May loading program had yet

Angola’s Kissanje, Cabinda and Plutonio were among the grades heard
offered by the teapots this week, in addition to Brazil’s Lula and Saphinoa
grades, for arrivals over May and June, but no pricing for these grades has
yet to be confirmed.

China typically takes well over half the Angolan program each month, but
this recent fall in demand has sent pricing differentials for Angolan grades
fall to three-month lows.

Another factor contributing to the slowdown in Chinese demand for crude
has been upcoming closure at port Huangdao, which is part of Qingdao Port
International — China’s biggest crude import complex by volume — sources

“Teapots are trying to shift purchases to other ports,” a crude trader
based in the US said, but added: “Demand in China is not so good.”

The port closure is initially planned to take place in June for a 20-day
period while Qingdao hosts the week-long Shanghai Cooperation Organization
Summit, a source with Qingdao port said. But this has not been fixed yet, he

The high crude inventories in China as well as refinery maintenance in
the region may further dampen buying interest in the coming week for heavy
West African crudes that typically supply the Chinese markets, sources said.

The run rates at China’s independent refineries, as well as ChemChina, in
eastern Shandong province, dropped by 5% month on month to a six-month low of
62.5% in March, due to high oil-product stocks after the introduction of the
new tax reporting system, according to a monthly report from local information
provider JLC.


–Edited by Jonathan Dart,

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