Sub-Saharan Africa’s gas production will grow by 18 percent by 2021 to 9.1 billion cubic feet per day (bcfd). Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation will drive Sub-Saharan Africa’s gas production with 34.2 percent share of all the production in 2021. Royal Dutch Shell Plc and Eni SpA follow with 10.4 and 7.8 percent respectively, according to GlobalData, a leading data and analytics company.
Over 6.4 bcfd of natural gas in 2021 will be produced by conventional gas projects, while coal bed methane (cbm) projects will contribute 8.5 million cubic feet per day (mmcfd) to Sub-Saharan Africa production in 2021. Conventional, unconventional, and heavy oil projects together will contribute about 2.6 bcfd of associated gas by 2021.
Carlos Gomes, Oil & Gas Analyst at GlobalData, comments, “Sub-Saharan Africa has 28 key upcoming gas projects, of which, 16 will be producing by 2021. Empresa Nacional de Hidrocarbonetos EP and Eni SpA will lead in greenfield gas projects, with six projects each, followed by Exxon Mobil Corp with five projects in the near future.”
Sub-Saharan Africa is expected to spend $33.0bn as capital expenditure (capex) on conventional gas and CBM projects between 2018 and 2021, with spending peaking in 2021 at $11.8bn. Average full cycle capex per barrel of oil equivalent (boe) for Sub-Saharan Africa gas projects is $4.5. CBM projects have full-cycle capex of $5.3 per boe, while conventional gas projects need $4.5 per boe in full cycle capex. Deepwater projects have the highest average full cycle capex of $7.0 per boe, followed by shallow-water, ultra-deepwater and onshore projects with an average full cycle capex per boe of $5.4, $5.0 and $2.7 respectively.
New gas projects average $5.1 per boe in capex and need a gas price of $6.0 per thousand cubic feet (mcf) to break even over the development timeline. Average development break-even price for planned and announced ultra-deepwater projects in Sub-Saharan Africa is $6.4 per mcf, while the shallow water and deepwater projects have a development break-even price of $6.9 and $5.0 per mcf respectively. Onshore projects require a gas price of $3.9 per mcf to break even.